Win 7, 8 and 8.1 incompatability issues with Windows Photo Viewer and V4 ICC Profiles

February 01, 2014  •  Leave a Comment

Earlier this evening I was helping a friend troubleshoot a Windows 8 problem where they were calibrating their monitor with an X-Rite ColorMunki. When viewing photos in Windows Photo Viewer the colors were really washed out. It turns out that Windows 8 and 8.1 (at the time of this writing) does not support ICC Profile Version 4. X-Rite has provided a work around by allowing you to create an ICC Profile Version 2 to fix this issue.

The easy fix for this is to changed your iProfile software to the advanced mode and create your ICC profile in Version 2.

NOTE: This document is old, however I just tested this on the latest version of iProfile and this is what the screen looks like (SEE HERE) for more information: http://www.xrite.com/product_overview.aspx?ID=1397&Action=support&SupportID=5439

See manual steps

1. Start iProfiler or i1Profiler

2. Click 'Advanced'

3. Select 'Profiling'

4. Select your options for calibration and click 'Next'

5. Select from the drop down menu 'Icc Profile Version and select 2'

Screenshot1 Screenshot1 Screenshot1 Screenshot1

More information on Version 2 and 4 ICC Profiles (Taken from http://www.color.org/v4spec.xalter):

ICC recommends the use of profiles made according to the v4 specification in place of the older v2 specification, as it provides better support for consistent results in open, vendor-neutral, cross-platform color management systems.

Benefits that users will see with v4 are:

  • More consistent and accurate colorimetric intent transforms resulting from a fully-defined media white point and more consistent handling of black points
  • More consistent and higher quality perceptual intent transforms because there is now a fully-defined perceptual reference medium dynamic range and gamut
  • Smaller and more accurate profiles that make use of new efficient transform structures
  • Generally improved consistency between different profiles and CMMs as a result of improvements to the specification throughout
  • Better support for re-purposing and proofing of images rendered with the perceptual and colorimetric intents through more accurate inverse transforms

V4 raison d'etre to enable intelligent CMMs and improve results for non-linear color spaces contains the V2 - V4 technical changes and benefits list.

More information on the v4 specification and the advantages of v4 is available.

While ICC recommends the use of v4 profiles wherever possible, it recognizes that v2 profiles continue to be used in some workflows and can give good results. Some recommendations on making v2 profiles are provided for developers.

In PDF/X workflows, Ghent Work Group Process Control subcommittee previously recommended restricting ICC profiles in PDF/X to those made to the older v2 specification. The group is currently testing the use of v4 profiles in real world PDF/X-4 workflows. See a summary of progress and details of how to participate in the GWG tests.

Version 4 of the ICC profile specification was published in 2001. The v4 profile format has introduced a number of changes when compared to the previous v2 specification. These changes provide a number of advantages, the most significant of which follow from the removal of ambiguities from the specification and a more precise definition of the PCS. More information about the advantages of the V4 specification can be found here.

These lead to an improved predictability of performance of a profile in use which will lead to a reduction of major differences of interpretation. Therefore, when pairs of profiles are used they should always produce the same result - regardless of which CMM is used. A summary of reasons to use the v4 specification is available.

As color management requirements evolve, the profile specification undergoes a process of continuous review by members of the ICC. The current version is ICC.1:2004-10 (Version 4.2.0.0) and is available on the ICC Specification page, together with Amendments approved by ICC members.

The specification has been approved as an ISO standard (ISO 15076) and the version on the ICC Specification page is compatible with the ISO publication.

Most platforms and color management applications have now migrated to ICC V4, or are in the process of doing so. You can test whether your system is V4-compatible here.


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